Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0

Higher Education Institutions of Human Resource Development Ministry under its flagship program – Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) 2.0 will participate in Gram Sabhas to be organised on the occasion of Independence Day tomorrow. 688 institutions are selected on a Challenge Mode (426 technical and 262 non- technical) which are reputed Higher Educational Institutes (both public and private) of the country, which have adopted 3555 villages for their development through UBA. IIT Delhi is also organizing 5 Gram Sabhas in its adopted village Panchayats.

Background:

Under Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) 2.0-a flagship program of MHRD, GOI 688 institutions are selected on a Challenge Mode (426 technical and 262 non- technical) which are reputed Higher Educational Institutes (both public and private) of the country, which have adopted total no. of 3555 villages for their development through UBA. Also, scope for providing Subject Expert Groups assistance and Regional Coordinating Institutes to handhold and guide the participating institutions have been strengthened. IIT Delhi has been designated to function as the National Coordinating Institute for this program.

Large number of participating institutes have interacted with villagers, did village & household level surveys and prepared action plans. The challenges and issues have been identified through public participation. Now theses action plans have to be ratified by the Gram Sabhas to be organized on the occasion of Independence Day. IIT Delhi is also organizing 5 Gram Sabhas in its adopted village Panchayats.

Work area to be discussed in Gram Sabha organized on 15th Aug. 2018 in villages adopted by institutions under Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (Brief Report)

S. No.

Subject Group

No. of Institutes

No. of Villages

Type of work area (Problems)

1.

Sanitation and solid liquid Waste Management

47

124

  1. Drainage
  2. Animal Waste disposal
  3. Open Defecation and Toilet Design
  4. Waste collection and Disposal

2.

Water Resource Management

80

129

  1. Drinking Water.
  2. Ground water level is going down.
  3. Village water bodies are not maintained.
  4. Polluted Water.
  5. Water Storage.
  6. Recharging Water resources.
  7. Rain water harvesting.

3.

Rural Infrastructure

25

73

  1. Undeveloped and connectivity of Roads.
  2. Medical, School, Bank and Market Facilities not accessible.
  3. Lack of Public transport.
  4. Inadequate Housing Facilities.
  5. Lack of Panchayat ghar, park and community center.

4.

Rural Energy System

10

23

  1. Street lights.
  2. No Electricity connections.
  3. Awareness about alternate resources of Energy.

5.

Education

19

46

  1. Lack of Teachers
  2. Girl Education
  3. School Equipment’s and No library.
  4. Unemployment.
  5. Higher dropouts
  6. Lack of Higher education options.
  7. Adult Literacy.
  8. Computer Education.

6.

Sustainable Agriculture

21

61

  1. High use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides.
  2. Soil Salinity.
  3. Protection from Animals
  4. Awareness about Soil health card.
  5. Cultivation Problem.
  6. Lack of Irrigation.

7.

Health Care

29

83

  1. Medical facilities not accessible.
  2. Lack of Primary health Centers.
  3. Malnutrition

8.

Skill Development and livelihood

23

61

  1. Migration.
  2. Self Help Groups are not in a good condition.
  3. Market place not accessible.
  4. Skill Development Training.
  5. Employment generation skills.

9.

Capacity Building, Strategy for convergence and implementation of various Govt. Schemes

34

96

  1. Lack of Information about Government Schemes.
  2. Lack of Awareness in general
  3. Alcoholism
  4. Child Marriages
  5. Animal Husbandry like Veternity hospital and animal waste utilization.

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0

Vision

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is inspired by the vision of transformational change in rural development processes by leveraging knowledge institutions to help build the architecture of an Inclusive India.

Mission

The Mission of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is to enable higher educational institutions to work with the people of rural India in identifying development challenges and evolving appropriate solutions for accelerating sustainable growth. It also aims to create a virtuous cycle between society and an inclusive academic system by providing knowledge and practices for emerging professions and to upgrade the capabilities of both the public and the private sectors in responding to the development needs of rural India.

Goals

  • To build an understanding of the development agenda within institutes of Higher Education and an institutional capacity and training
    relevant to national needs, especially those of rural India.
  • To re-emphasize the need for field work, stake-holder interactions and design for societal objectives as the basis of higher education.
  • To stress on rigorous reporting and useful outputs as central to developing new professions.
  • To provide rural India and regional agencies with access to the professional resources of the institutes of higher education,
    especially those that have acquired academic excellence in the field of science, engineering and technology, and management.
  • To improve development outcomes as a consequence of this research. To develop new professions and new processes to sustain and absorb the outcomes of research.
  • To foster a new dialogue within the larger community on science, society and the environment and to develop a sense of dignity and
    collective destiny.
  1.  Major Areas of Intervention

In order to move towards the holistic development of the villages, there are two major domains, i.e. human development and material (economic) development, which need to be developed in an integrated way. The major components of these two domains are given below and also illustrated in Figure 1.

  1. Human development
  • Health
  • Education and culture
  • Values and perception development
  • Skills and entrepreneurship
  1. Material (economic) development
  • Organic agriculture and cow-based economy
  • Water management and conservation
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Artisans and rural industries
  • Development and harnessing of local natural resources
  • Basic amenities
  • E-support (IT – enabling)

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NB/AKJ/YP

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